This homesteading garden dirt mason jar test method will help you know what you are working with and how to fix it with amendments. You can identify the percentage of clay, sand, silt and organic matter with this test method.
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Mason jars can be used to test soil. This article explains how. There’s lots of useful information including step-by-step instructions and a detailed summary. The goal is to determine what types of soil make up the sample and in what amounts. Most soil samples have sand, silt, and clay.
Sand is a type of soil that is made of silicon dioxide or calcium carbonate. Aragonite is an example of calcium carbonate based sand, and it formed from coal and shellfish over the past half billion years.
Silt is larger than sand but smaller than clay. It is produced from chemical weathering of rocks and regolith. It is also produced by physical weathering processes including haloclasty and frost shattering.