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This Homesteading Off Grid Solar Energy System DIY Project is detailed in a step step by tutorial to help us tackle this sometimes overwhelming concept. Once you get the basics, it starts to fall into place and come together.
To build a solar system that is off the grid, get these four mainparts: a solar panel, a charge controller, a battery, and an inverter. With these main parts, other things, such as fuses, copper wire, an MC-4 Connector, a meter, and a breaker. But, prior to buying these parts, add up to what will be load, as in how long the solar panel will work for. It is easy to compute. With the specific parts chosen (they vary on power) and time of use, compute what is the watt hour, equal to the power rating of the applications and length of power.
For a off grid solar system you need four basic components
1. Solar Panel (PV Panel) – (Buy Here)
2.Charge Controller – (Buy Here)
5. 200 Watt (2pcs 100 Watt) Solar Panel Kit with 1500W VertaMax Power Inverter for RV, Boat, Off-Grid 12 Volt Battery Systems – (Buy Here)
Next, we can decide what exact parts will fit perfectly for the watt load as calculated. A solar panel turns sunlight into electric power. They are labeled as being either mono (one) crystallineor poly (multi) crystalline and the size of the solar panel should be picked to fit the full charged battery when it is used one whole day. Speaking off the battery, that comes next. The electric output from the panel is actually from the battery that is charged from the solar energy taken in, which can only be during the daytime, obviously. It is recommended to get a lead acid tubular battery, but Ni-MH and Li-Ion batteries are also feasible.
Next, comes the controller, which is planted between the solar panel and the battery. It controls the voltage and current that comes from the panels and preserves suitable voltage charged in the battery. When the panel’s input voltage goes up, the controller will keep hold of the power to the batteries to stop any overloading. Last, get the inverter, such as a square wave or pure sine. Simply assemble, connect, and mount to function.
Click here to read about how to build a Homesteading Off Grid Solar Energy System DIY Project: