Homesteading Water Well Digging Vintage Advice is a flash back into 1947. Alternative ways to bring a water source to your homestead is has been an issue from the begining of time.
In many places, the ground is a flat region and water is retrieved a different way than in areas that are mountainous or rocky. Where land is flat and not rocky people are able to simply put a pipe into the ground, well a few pipes, and get water that way.
When you are doing this method, a specialist will need to be contacted however to see how deep exactly the water is so you know how much piping you will need and to make sure there will be nothing in your way of access to the water.
When you are sure how much piping you will need and how deep the water is you will then insert the borehole as easily as possible. Then add another section of piping and continue doing so until this pipe is three to four meters into the ground. Next, you will want to insert a three inch wide pipe into the borehole. This will be your sheath. Now you will want to assemble your collet tip. This will be important that everything is now tightened.
When assembling this it is important to know the ground underneath you. If you were to hit a rock it is a general rule when assembling this type of water pump to start over. You will want a direct path to your water source and to make sure that you do not have any issues make sure you know your ground. Flat, grassy land is the best place for this type of water source.
Source: Revista Mecánica Popular – Volume 1 – April 1947 – Number 4
MAKE YOUR OWN WELL
Where the phreatic mantos lie close to the surface, it is easy to make a well
By Raymond J. Karpen
IN MANY REGIONS where the terrain is flat, covering more or less extensive areas, one can obtain water by simply introducing a pipe into the ground, which carries a tip-strainer.
Before beginning the drilling, it is advisable to investigate the depth of the water in the wells that are in the surroundings.
The specialists in these works can say, with admirable accuracy and only guided by superficial indications, in what place and at what depth will water be found. Once in possession of this data, the rest is easy.
Beginning with a ground hole, Fig. 1, with tube handle. It is necessary to have at hand several sections of a meter long tube; with thread equal to that of the handle; joints for the reference tube must also be kept at hand. The drill is inserted as far as it will go easily, the handle is unscrewed, another pipe section is attached, the handle is placed again and the work is continued. This tube should enter a depth of 3 to 4 meters. At this depth the hole is difficult to handle and also, almost everywhere at 3 meters depth, the cylinder of the pump is outside the layer that freezes in the winter.
Next, a 3-inch (76 mm) diameter tube is inserted into the open hole with the borehole, which will serve as a sleeve, Fig. 2. Now the tip-strainer has to be assembled with one or more sections of pipe, until it protrudes from the ground when the spiked tip touches the bottom of the hole. Firmly tighten the joints of this tube and screw in the protective cap as shown in Fig. 3. Once this has been done, it is necessary to begin to blow the cap with a mallet, but you must be very careful. The blows must be measured, because strong blows can deflect the tip or bend the tube. As a rule the tubes enter easily.
From this moment on, it is only a matter of continuing to insert the tube little by little, adding the sections of pipe as necessary, until the tip-strainer reaches the water mantle. As a rule it is very easy to know when you get to the water. With a string and a plumb line, inserted inside the pipe, you can go probing frequently. If the tip-strainer touches any rock, it is best to remove it and start again.
When you are sure you have touched the water mantle, the pump cylinder is installed, Figs. 4 and 5, inserting this section. Until the top end of the pipe only comes out two or three centimeters out of the cover. Then the pump is installed, as shown in Fig. 6 and a concrete platform is cast Fig. 7. The platform is sloping on all four sides, so that the excess water runs.
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