Guide To Cooking and Baking Substitutions Chart

A Guide To Cooking and Baking Substitutions Chart helps you replace a key ingredient you are missing with a worthy substitution that will work in your recipe. Substituting one ingredient for another should only be done when you don’t have the necessary ingredient on hand in your kitchen.

Guide To Cooking and Baking Substitutions Chart

e replacement parts

Ingredient – Amount – Substitution

Allspice: 1 teaspoon * 1/2 teaspoon cinnamon, 1/4 teaspoon ginger, and 1/4 teaspoon cloves

Arrowroot starch: 1 teaspoon * 1 tablespoon flour, OR 1 teaspoon cornstarch

Baking mix: 1 cup * 1 cup pancake mix OR 1 cup Easy Biscuit Mixture

Baking powder: 1 teaspoon * 1/4 teaspoon baking soda plus 1/2 teaspoon cream of tartar OR 1/4 teaspoon

Beer: 1 cup * 1 cup nonalcoholic beer OR 1 cup chicken broth

Brandy: 1/4 cup * 1 teaspoon imitation brandy extract plus enough water to make 1/4 cup

Bread crumbs: 1 cup * 1 cup cracker crumbs OR 1 cup matzo meal OR 1 cup ground oats

Broth: beef or chicken 1 cup * 1 bouillon cube plus 1 cup boiling water OR 1 tablespoon soy sauce plus enough water to make 1 cup OR 1 cup vegetable broth

Brown sugar: 1 cup * 1 cup white sugar plus 1/4 cup molasses and decrease the liquid in recipe by 1/4 cup OR 1 cup white sugar OR 1 1/4 cups confectioners’ sugar

Butter (salted): 1 cup * 1 cup margarine OR 1 cup shortening plus 1/2 teaspoon salt OR 7/8 cup vegetable oil plus 1/2 teaspoon salt OR 7/8 cup lard plus 1/2 teaspoon salt

Butter (unsalted): 1 cup * 1 cup shortening OR 7/8 cup vegetable oil OR 7/8 cup lard

Buttermilk: 1 cup * 1 cup yogurt OR 1 tablespoon lemon juice or vinegar plus enough milk to make 1 cup

Cheddar cheese: 1 cup shredded * 1 cup shredded Colby cheddar OR 1 cup shredded Monterey Jack cheese

Chervil: 1 tablespoon chopped fresh * 1 tablespoon chopped fresh parsley

Chocolate(semisweet): 1 ounce * 1 (1-ounce) square of unsweetened chocolate plus 4 teaspoons sugar OR 1 ounce semisweet chocolate chips plus 1 teaspoon shortening

Chocolate (unsweetened): 1 ounce * 3 tablespoons unsweetened cocoa plus 1 tablespoon shortening or vegetable oil

Cocoa 1/4 cup * 1 (1-ounce) square unsweetened chocolate

Condensed cream of mushroom soup: 1 (10.75-ounce) can * 1 (10.75-ounce) can condensed cream of celery, cream of chicken, OR golden mushroom soup

Corn syrup: 1 cup * 1 1/4 cup white sugar plus 1/3 cup water OR 1 cup honey OR 1 cup light treacle syrup

Cottage cheese: 1 cup * 1 cup farmer’s cheese OR 1 cup ricotta cheese

Cracker crumbs: 1 cup * 1 cup bread crumbs OR 1 cup matzo meal OR 1 cup ground oats

Cream (half and half): 1 cup * 7/8 cup milk plus 1 tablespoon butter

Cream (heavy): 1 cup *1 cup evaporated milk OR 3/4 cup milk plus 1/3 cup butter

Cream (light): 1 cup * 1 cup evaporated milk OR 3/4 cup milk plus 3 tablespoons butter

Cream (whipped): 1 cup * 1 cup frozen whipped topping, thawed

Cream cheese: 1 cup * 1 cup pureed cottage cheese OR 1 cup plain yogurt, strained overnight in a cheesecloth

Cream of tartar: 1 teaspoon * 2 teaspoons lemon juice or vinegar

Crème fraiche: 1 cup * Combine 1 cup of heavy cream and 1 tablespoon of plain yogurt. Let stand for 6 hours at room temperature

Egg: 1 whole * (3 tablespoons or 1.7 oz) 2 1/2 tablespoons of powdered egg substitute plus 2 1/2 tablespoons water OR 1/4 cup liquid egg substitute OR 1/4 cup silken tofu pureed OR 3 tablespoons mayonnaise OR half a banana mashed with 1/2 teaspoon baking powder OR 1 tablespoon powdered flax seed soaked in 3 tablespoons water

Evaporated milk: 1 cup * 1 cup light cream

Farmer’s cheese: 8 ounces * 8 ounces dry cottage cheese OR 8 ounces creamed cottage cheese, drained

Fats for baking: 1 cup * 1 cup applesauce OR 1 cup fruit puree

Flour–Bread: 1 cup * 1 cup all-purpose flour plus 1 teaspoon wheat gluten (available at health food stores & some supermarkets)

Flour–Cake: 1 cup * 1 cup all-purpose flour minus 2 tablespoons

Flour–Self-Rising: 1 cup * 7/8 cup all-purpose flour plus 1 1/2 teaspoons baking powder and 1/2 teaspoon of salt

Garlic: 1 clove * 1/8 teaspoon garlic powder OR 1/2 teaspoon granulated garlic OR 1/2 teaspoon garlic salt–reduce salt in recipe

Gelatin: 1 tablespoon * 2 teaspoons agar agar

Ginger: dry 1 teaspoon * 2 teaspoons chopped fresh ginger

Ginger: fresh 1 teaspoon * minced 1/2 teaspoon ground dried ginger

Green onion: 1/2 cup * chopped 1/2 cup chopped onion, OR 1/2 cup chopped leek OR 1/2 cup chopped shallots

Hazelnuts: 1 cup whole * 1 cup macadamia nuts OR 1 cup almonds

Herbs fresh: 1 tablespoon chopped fresh* 1 teaspoon (chopped or whole leaf) dried herbs

Honey: 1 cup * 1 1/4 cup white sugar plus 1/3 cup water OR 1 cup corn syrup OR 1 cup light treacle syrup

Hot pepper sauce: 1 teaspoon * 3/4 teaspoon cayenne pepper plus 1 teaspoon vinegar

Ketchup: 1 cup * 1 cup tomato sauce plus 1 teaspoon vinegar plus 1 tablespoon sugar

Lard: 1 cup * 1 cup shortening OR 7/8 cup vegetable oil OR 1 cup butter

Lemon grass: 2 fresh stalks * 1 tablespoon lemon zest

Lemon juice: 1 teaspoon * 1/2 teaspoon vinegar OR 1 teaspoon white wine OR 1 teaspoon lime juice

Lemon zest: 1 teaspoon * 1/2 teaspoon lemon extract OR 2 tablespoons lemon juice

Lime juice: 1 teaspoon * 1 teaspoon vinegar OR 1 teaspoon white wine OR 1 teaspoon lemon juice

Lime zest: 1 teaspoon * 1 teaspoon lemon zest

Macadamia nuts: 1 cup * 1 cup almonds OR 1 cup hazelnuts

Mace: 1 teaspoon * 1 teaspoon nutmeg

Margarine: 1 cup * 1 cup shortening plus 1/2 teaspoon salt OR 1 cup butter OR 7/8 cup vegetable oil plus 1/2 teaspoon salt OR 7/8 cup lard plus 1/2 teaspoon salt

Mayonnaise: 1 cup * 1 cup sour cream OR 1 cup plain yogurt

Milk whole: 1 cup * 1 cup soy milk OR 1 cup rice milk OR 1 cup water or juice OR 1/4 cup dry milk powder plus 1 cup water OR 2/3 cup evaporated milk plus 1/3 cup water

Mint fresh: 1/4 cup chopped * 1 tablespoon dried mint leaves

Molasses: 1 cup * Mix 3/4 cup brown sugar and 1 teaspoon cream of tartar

Mustard: 1 tablespoon * Mix together 1 tablespoon dried mustard, 1 teaspoon water, 1 teaspoon vinegar and 1 teaspoon sugar

Onion: 1 cup chopped * 1 cup chopped green onions OR 1 cup chopped shallots OR 1 cup chopped leeks OR 1/4 cup dried minced onion OR 1/4 cup onion powder

Orange juice: 1 tablespoon * 1 tablespoon other citrus juice

Orange zest: 1 tablespoon * 1/2 teaspoon orange extract OR 1 teaspoon lemon juice

Parmesan cheese: 1/2 cup grated * 1/2 cup grated Asiago cheese OR 1/2 cup grated Romano cheese

Parsley: 1 tablespoon chopped * fresh 1 tablespoon chopped fresh chervil OR 1 teaspoon dried parsley

Pepperoni: 1 ounce * 1 ounce salami

Raisin: 1 cup * 1 cup dried currants OR 1 cup dried cranberries OR 1 cup chopped pitted prunes

Rice–white: 1 cup, cooked * 1 cup cooked barley OR 1 cup cooked bulgur OR 1 cup cooked brown or wild rice

Ricotta: 1 cup * 1 cup dry cottage cheese OR 1 cup silken tofu

Rum: 1 tablespoon * 1/2 teaspoon rum extract, plus enough water to make 1 tablespoon

Saffron: 1/4 teaspoon * 1/4 teaspoon turmeric

Salami: 1 ounce * 1 ounce pepperoni

Semisweet chocolate chips: 1 cup * 1 cup chocolate candies OR 1 cup peanut butter or other flavored chips OR 1 cup chopped nuts OR 1 cup chopped dried fruit

Shallots: chopped 1/2 cup * 1/2 cup chopped onion, OR 1/2 cup chopped leek OR 1/2 cup chopped green onion

Shortening: 1 cup * 1 cup butter OR 1 cup margarine minus 1/2 teaspoon salt from recipe

Sour cream: 1 cup * 1 cup plain yogurt OR 1 tablespoon lemon juice or vinegar plus enough cream to make 1 cup OR 3/4 cup buttermilk mixed with 1/3 cup butter

Sour milk: 1 cup * 1 tablespoon vinegar or lemon juice mixed with enough milk to make 1 cup: Let stand 5 minutes to thicken

Soy sauce: 1/2 cup * 4 tablespoons Worcestershire sauce mixed with 1 tablespoon water

Stock–beef or chicken: 1 cup * 1 cube beef or chicken bouillon dissolved in 1 cup water

Sweetened condensed milk: 1 (14-ounce) can * 3/4 cup white sugar mixed with 1/2 cup water and 1 1/8 cups dry powdered milk: Bring to a boil and cook, stirring frequently, until thickened, about 20 minutes

Vegetable oil–for baking: 1 cup * 1 cup applesauce OR 1 cup fruit puree

Vegetable oil–for frying: 1 cup * 1 cup lard OR 1 cup vegetable shortening

Vinegar: 1 teaspoon * 1 teaspoon lemon or lime juice OR 2 teaspoons white wine

White sugar: 1 cup * 1 cup brown sugar OR 1 1/4 cups confectioners’ sugar OR 3/4 cup honey OR 3/4 cup corn syrup

Wine: 1 cup * 1 cup chicken or beef broth OR 1 cup fruit juice mixed with 2 teaspoons vinegar OR 1 cup water

Yeast-active dry: 1 (.25-ounce) package * 1 cake compressed yeast OR 2 1/2 teaspoons active dry yeast OR 2 1/2 teaspoonsrapid rise yeast

Yogurt: 1 cup * 1 cup sour cream OR 1 cup buttermilk OR 1 cup sour milk


Source: eReplacementParts.com

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